Dr Henrique Gaspar


The motivation for this research topic is connected to the current challenges in keeping the excellence of the Norwegian shipping industry in the offshore market, with a continuous pressure to improve ship design, engineering and shipbuilding performance while reducing project process time and reduce costs. This excellence relies strongly in highly involved and innovative designs, particularly from the offshore support vessel (OSV) sector. For such vessels, trades and operating duties are more diverse than for most other ship types. The trend during the last decade has been towards a market with requirements for increasingly demanding operations, especially in deep water, high latitude activities, and a higher degree of uncertainty in terms of contract horizon and predictability of future missions. Larger and more specialized vessels are demanded, robust to diverse scenarios and with requirements for high capabilities, such as stronger bollard pull, winches, ROV capacity, and energy efficiency. This lead as objective for the research the systematically development and implementation of applied research for accelerating ship design procedures, modules construction and detailed engineering. This set of tools and methods will be based on complex systems engineering integration, thinking in flexibility and modularity, applying state-of-the-art tools and technology to the ship design process.


Much of the productivity gain to be achieved during the early stages of ship design is constrained by the many different tools and models used to create, combine and evaluate each of the modules that a ship is consisting of. Consequently, the design of a modularized and standardized work system, or even a new design approach configuration, lacks an effective and agile common evaluation framework, able to combine standard (traditional) with customized (emergent) solutions through the ship design, engineering and fabrication processes. The applicability of the research should take into account the detailed engineering of these modules, specially regarding an effective documentation towards clients and 3rd party partners, including activities beyond the design/delivery process, such as operational and scrapping.

The ship design approach researched should include engineering and fabrication aspects, leading to the implementation of more effective methods to facilitate modular and standardized engineering/fabrication ship design approaches in the Norwegian Maritime Industry.

Research Interests

Research Interests are connected to:

  • Ship and Offshore Design
  • Design Methods
  • Systems Engineering
  • Complexity Theory

Currently in the process of developing the Ship Operations laboratory at the Faculty of Maritime Technology and Operations - HIALS. Researchers, industrial partners and students are welcome to inquire about research opportunities – Professor’s home page http://blog.hials.no/hega/.

Mini CV

Education consists of a PhD degree in Marine Engineering at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Marine Systems group (2013). Part of the PhD developed at the Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative (SEAri) at MIT, with complex system engineering methods applied to the maritime case (2010-2011).

Previous experience as Senior Consultant at Det Norske Veritas (Norway).

Previous experience in Oil & Gas in Brazil, at the TPN Numerical Offshore Model Basin in Brazil (partnership with Petrobras, University of São Paulo and other research institutes in Brazil). Master in engineering (2yrs) and Diploma Engineering (5yrs) in Naval Architecture and Maritime Engineering at University of São Paulo, Brazil.

Selected Publications

Design & Systems Engineering:

Handling Temporal Complexity in the Design of Non-Transport Ships Using Epoch-Era Analysis. Henrique M. Gaspar, Adam M. Ross and Stein Ove Erikstad

Transactions RINA, Vol 154, Part A3, International Journal Maritime Engineering, Jul-Sep 2012

Discussion published on Transactions RINA, Vol 155, Part A3, Jul-Sep 2013?DOI No: 10.3940/rina.ijme.2012.a3.230

Addressing Complexity Aspects in Conceptual Ship Design - A Systems Engineering Approach. Henrique M. Gaspar, Adam Ross, Donna M. Rhodes and Stein Ove Erikstad.

Journal of Ship Production and Design, Vol. 28, No. 4, November 2012, pp. 1-15

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5957/JSPD.28.4.120015

Selected to be part of the Transactions of SNAME, Vol. 120, 2013 - with added discussions

Handling Complexity Aspects in Conceptual Ship Design. Henrique M Gaspar, Adam Ross and Donna M. Rhodes, Proc. 11th International Maritime Design Conference, Glasgow-UK, June 2012


Energy Efficiency:

Extending the Energy Efficiency Design Index to Handle Non-Transport Vessels. Gaspar, H. M., Erikstad, S.O. 8th International Conference on Computer Applications and Information Technology in the Maritime Industries, Budapest, 2009.

Approaching Environmental Performance in Conceptual Ship Design.             Gaspar, H. M., Balland, O., Erikstad, S.O.,  - 11th International Symposium on Practical Design of Ships an Other Floating Structures, Rio de Janeiro, 2010.

Efficient Design of Advanced Machinery Systems for Complex Operational Profiles. Gaspar, H. M., Larsen, E., Grimstad, A., Erikstad, S.O. 9th International Conference on Computer Applications and Information Technology in the Maritime Industries, Italy, 2010.

Ship Machinery Configuration Comparison. Larsen, E., Solem, S., Gaspar, H. M. Report IMT/S4C/2-2009, NTNU, July 2009.

A Decision Model Comparing the Cost Efficiency of Air Emission Abatement Methods of a Fleet for IMO Complieance. Balland, O., Gaspar, H. M., Erikstad, S. O., ISSDC Tokio, Japan, 2009.


Offshore Systems:

Design of Conceptual Offshore Systems based on Numerical Model-Basin Simulations. Gaspar, H. M., Fucatu, C., Nishimoto, K. 10th International Maritime Design Conference, Trondheim, 2009.

A Real-Time 3D Post-Processor for a Numerical Model-Basin Simulator. Gaspar, H. M., Taniguchi, D., Ruocco, P., Nishimoto, K. 8th International Conference on Computer Applications and Information Technology in the Maritime Industries, Budapest, 2009.

System Architecture of a Numerical Model Basin Simulator. Luz, F. H. P., Gaspar, H. M. Nishimoto, K. 8th International Conference on Computer Applications and Information Technology in the Maritime Industries, Budapest, 2009.