Dr Salman Nazir

Salman Nazir is an Associate Professor at University College of Southeast Norway (HSN), where he works in the Faculty of Technology and Maritime Sciences. He has a Masters and PhD in Engineering (focus System Engineering and Human Factors) from Hanyang University, South Korea and Politecnico di Milano, POLIMI, Italy, respectively. He was awarded Cum Laude (outstanding honor) with the title of his PhD. Having completed his PhD, Salman started working as a Post Doc at POLIMI and later joined the University College of Southeast Norway as a researcher, where he achieved the associate professor title in 2015.

Prof. Nazir has recently won several local and international grants (from MARKOM 2020, Research Council of Norway, German Academic Exchange Service, DAAD, Oslo Fjord Fund) on the topics of Training and performance improvement in socio-technical complex systems (mainly Maritime domain). He is involved in projects of about 11 M NOK. He has authored/co-authored more than 50 peer-reviewed articles on international journals and conferences.

Prof. Nazir is currently a co-chair of the 1st International Conference on Human Factors in Management and Leadership for Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE). He is in the scientific board of Sho2016 (International Symposium of Occupational Safety and Hygiene) and CISAP (International Conference on Safety and Environment in the Process & Power Industry), International Conference on System of Systems Engineering, SoSE 2016. In order to develop cutting edge solutions with multi-disciplinary approach, he has been collaborating with Human Factors specialists, Cognitive and Computer Scientists, Maritime Experts and Practitioners. In 2015, the HSN media as well as Byavisa Tønsberg regarding the importance of research activities and international collaborations interviewed prof. Nazir.

A research group entitled Training and Assessment Research Group (TARG) has been lead by prof. Nazir. The global market dynamics and competitiveness requires the systems to adapt and keep performing in a sustainable way. Therefore, improving performance, efficiency, safety, human machine interaction of systems involving technology, humans and their complex interaction/interdependence demands novel and innovative methods and subsequent solutions. Such methods and solutions can be achieved by rigorous, collaborative, and state of the art research, which is the core/primary focus/value of Training and Assessment Research Group (TARG).

The main research areas of TARG fall under the following topics:

Human Factors and Safety in complex socio-technical systems


  • Training Methods
  • Performance Assessment
  • Maritime Education and Training
  • Training Simulators
  • Performance Management
  • Accident Analysis
  • Training for Maritime Domain
  • Training in immersive environments
  • Design of Operator Training Simulator (OTS)
  • Training Methods Effectiveness
  • Training Evaluation
  • Impact of Training on Performance
  • Impact of Training on Safety
  • Design of Experiment to test training methods
  • Training Methods to improve Performance in terms of
      • Safety
      • Communication
      • Teamwork
      • Abnormal situation
      • Accidents

The concept of training the operators/seafarers before starting to work with real operations exists since decades. However, the perspective in which the Training has been progressing requires significant improvements. The existing training methods, which have been mostly developed by subject matter expert with limited knowledge on the science of training, thus, resulting in loopholes that subsequently impair the performance of operators. The lack of integration of technological advancement, lack of integration of cross disciplinary expertise (e.g., Human Factors, cognitive sciences, industrial and organizational psychology, and engineering), and insufficient use of training in simulated abnormal situation and accident scenarios calls for improvement in existing training methods. Another focus area of TARG is the importance of identifying necessary performance indicators as a key when evaluating the performance of a system. In addition to identifying the performance indicators, knowledge of how to extract the data in an objective and unbiased manner is a challenging task. Ultimately, the performance indicator should reflect the level of analysis in the system and make sure that the indicator measures exactly what it is defined to measure.  


Grant Awarded in 2015

  • Grant of 700 000 NOK (approx. 75 K Euros) under MARKOM 2020 (Workshops on Training and Performance Assessment in maritime domain, 2016)
  • Grant of 400 000 NOK (approx. 45 K Euros) under MARKOM 2020 (Workshops on Training and Performance Assessment in maritime domain, 2015)
  • Won a grant for PhD position at Maritime Technology, Management and Innovation, MTDI, funded by MARKOM 2020
  • Won a grant (lead by Institute for Energy Technology, IFE) entitled “Smart Training of Air Traffic Control Officers with total budget of 8 M NOKs (85 K Euros)
  • A prestigious grant from Research Council of Norway and German Academic Exchange Service or DAAD with Ruhr University Bochum
  • Won a grant (lead by LJMU) entitled “An open-source marine systems and vessels modelling platform” from International Association for Maritime Universities (IAMU)with total budged of about 40 000 GBP


Invited Lectures and Seminars

  • Invited guest speaker at the 3rd Middle East Oil & Gas Training and Simulation Forum in Abu Dhabi 16th - 17th - 18th February 2016
  • Invited guest speaker at 2nd Offshore safety & risk, Forum 24 to 25 March, 2015, Bergen, Norway
  • Invited guest speaker at Liverpool Logistics, Offshore and Marine (LOOM), Liverpool John Moores University, entitled The Role of Training and Performance Assessment in Safety of Socio-technical systems, August, 2015, Liverpool, UK
  • Invited guest speaker (entitle: Advances in Training Methods and Assessment procedures for industrial operators) at Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Norway (August, 2013)
  • Invited guest speaker (entitle: Advances in Training Methods and Assessment procedures for industrial operators) at Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Norway (August, 2013)
  • Invited guest speaker at University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany (entitle: Impact of Training on Operator Performance) (September, 2013)
  • Invited guest editor of Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science (TIES) of a special issue
  • Participated (officially) in the organization of the 5th International Conference on Applied
  • Human Factors and Ergonomics, AHFE (1200 delegates from 62 countries)


Recent Selected Publications

A STAMP-based causal analsis of the Korean Sewol Ferry Accident. 

Kim, T. E., S. Nazir, Øvergård, K. I. (2016).

Safety Science 83, 93-101

The role of situation awareness in accidents of large-scale technological systems

Mohsen Naderpour, S. Nazir, Jie Lu

Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 97, 13-24 (2015)

Impact of Training Methods on Distributed Situation Awareness of Industrial Operators

  1. Nazir, L. J. Sørensen, K. I.Øvergård, D. Manca

Safety Science, 73, 136-145 (2015)

How a Plant Simulator can Improve Industrial Safety

  1. Nazir, D. Manca

Process Safety Progress, 34, 3, pages 237–243, DOI 10.1002/prs (2015)

Critical incidents during dynamic positioning: operators’ situation awareness and decision-making in maritime operations

  1. I.Øvergård, L. J. Sørensen, S. Nazir, T. J. Martinsen

Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, 16(4), 366-387


The Impact of Trainer of Training Transferability.

Nazir, S. & Øvergård, K. I., & Manca, D. (2015)

In K. I. Fostervold, S. Å. K. Johnsen, L. Rydstedt and R. G. Watten (Eds.) Creating Sustainable Work Environments, (C2-5 – C2-9). Lillehammer, 1-4 of November, 2015, Lysaker, Norway: Norwegian society for ergonomics and human factors.

Training Simulator for Extreme Environments

Nazir, S., Manca, D., Komulainen, T., & Øvergård, K. I. (2015).

In K. I. Fostervold, S. Å. K. Johnsen, L. Rydstedt and R. G. Watten (Eds.) Creating Sustainable Work Environments,(pp. C5-16 – C5-20). Lillehammer, 1-4 of November, 2015, Lysaker, Norway: Norwegian society for ergonomics and human factors.

Advanced applications in process control and training needs of field and control room operators

Kluge, S. Nazir, D. Manca

IIE Transactions on Occupational Ergonomics and Human Factors, (2014)

How distributed situation awareness influences process safety

  1. Nazir, L.J.Sorensen, K.I. Overgård, D. Manca

Chemical Engineering Transactions, 36, 409-414, (2014)

DOI: 10.3303/CET1436069

Virtual Reality as Effective Means for Training: Results of Experiments Conducted with a Plant Simulator 

  1. Colombo, S. Nazir, D. Manca

Minimizing the risk in the process industry by using a plant simulator: a novel approach

  1. Nazir, S. Colombo, D. Manca

AIDIC Conference Series, 11, 271-280, (2013)

The role of Situation Awareness for the operators of process industry

  1. Nazir, S. Colombo, D. Manca

Chemical Engineering Transactions, 26, 303-308, (2012)

Performance comparison of different training methods for industrial operators

  1. Nazir, S. Colombo, A.Gallace, M. Bordegoni, D. Manca, (2012)

Proceedings HFES Europe Chapter Conference Toulouse 2012, 235-242


Link to Research gate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Salman_Nazir

Link to Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=en&user=x84DW9IAAAAJ&view_op=list_works&sortby=pubdate

Link to official HSN website: http://www.hbv.no/om-hbv-kontakt-oss-ansatte/salman-nazir-article123274-6688.html

Link to Cristin: https://www.cristin.no/as/WebObjects/cristin.woa/wa/fres?sort=ar&pnr=642179&la=en&action=sok